How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens

How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens

How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American CitizensWhat exactly does it suggest to be a patriot? – How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens

Experts say it’s hard to specify

For lots of, being thought about a patriot is as American as it gets.

Of the millions of words in the English language, the word “patriot” has actually long instilled a sense of pride in Americans. By definition, it indicates “one who likes and supports his/her nation,” according to the Merriam-Webster dictionary. One specialist told CNN calling someone a “patriot” brings with it a higher level of pride and respect, putting an individual on par with the creators of this country who are seen as the original patriots. How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens.
It’s a word that’s expected to bring marriage and pleasure, but throughout history, it’s also divided and excluded people. How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens.

How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens

In contemporary times, conspiracy theorists and extremists – consisting of some members of the groups who participated in the Capitol riots on January 6 – have latched on to the word “patriot” as a method to describe individuals who are purely American and (normally) White. Those who are not patriotic are against the United States and whatever it represents, making them the opponent. How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens.

” It’s a rhetorical game with often life and death consequences,” said Michael Edison Hayden, senior investigative reporter and spokesman for the Southern Hardship Law Center (SPLC), an Alabama-based non-profit that tracks hate groups and their activities.

At the same time, the word is still used in popular culture to illustrate the heroes of America, who were incidentally combating against individuals who they deemed weren’t American. An innovative search on IMDb discovers at least 94 popular movie and television show titles that relate to “patriot” or “patriotism.”.

So what makes “patriots” such a unifying, yet divisive word at the same time? Here’s a look at the history of it and its context. How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens.

How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens

How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens

Patriot is stemmed from a French word
Like the majority of words, patriot does not have English origins.
It’s stemmed from the Greek word “patrios,” which suggests “of one’s daddy.” Patriot entered the English lexicon through the French word “patriote,” suggesting “fellow countryman” or “compatriot,” according to Merriam-Webster.

There’s never been any arguments about patriot’s actual definition, but it’s context – normally political – is what has actually changed gradually, according to Kristen Syrett, associate professor of linguistics at Rutgers University/New Brunswick. How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens.

How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens

Throughout the 17th century, a patriot in Europe was somebody who liked their country and agreed with the recognized government and/or religious beliefs, Merriam Webster’s essay on the word states.
The word then changed in meaning and connotation as infighting in Europe resulted in the formation of brand-new countries, like America.

” This word had type of changed from a fan of recognized government to someone who is against an established government,” stated Peter Sokolowski, editor-at-large for Merriam-Webster. How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens.

Throughout the American Transformation, patriot had a favorable undertone in America, however an unfavorable one in England, Sokolowski said. It’s because of this that the founding fathers are viewed as the epitome of patriotism.
” It kind of made them spiritual figures,” Sokolowski stated.

 

The unabridged definition of patriot in Merriam-Webster’s dictionary likewise states it is someone who belongs to a resistance group. That meaning has actually not been upgraded in a minimum of thirty years, Sokolowski stated. How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens.

In the Oxford English Dictionary, among the earliest in the world, an entry of patriot was revised in 2005 to state:.
” An opponent of presumed intervention by federal government in the affairs of individuals, esp. with respect to weapon and tax laws. Frequently in the names of right-wing libertarian political and militia groups.”.
A representative for Oxford’s Languages group informed CNN in an e-mail the meaning became part of a regular series of updates in 2005.

” The meaning in question is part of wide variety of nuanced uses of the word ‘patriot’ tape-recorded in the (Oxford English Dictionary) and changes were made based on proof of how the word is used in day-to-day life,” the statement checked out.
The addition of conservative groups “traces the instructions the language is going,” Sokolowski said. How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens.

How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens

Hate groups use ‘patriot’ for propaganda
Patriot in nativist, nationalistic and dislike speech goes back to at least the mid-1800s to the Know Nothing Celebration, according to Sam Jackson, an assistant professor at the University at Albany who studies patriotism and violence in reactionary groups.

” That movement was organized around perception that external impacts – like non-White Europeans and others – were a risk to American worths,” Jackson stated. “By the 1850s, we’re seeing language of patriotism and signs being utilized in political methods and to mark individuals as ‘one of us and among them.'”.

The “us vs. them” mindset of patriotism would continue into the brand-new century and morph into an idea that patriotism is American and anything not American is bad.

 

” If I state someone is a real patriot, I have a clear concept of what that suggests and what it means to not be a patriot,” stated Syrett, the Rutgers professor. “This is a word that is truly conditioned by what our set of values is and what we think we’re fighting for.”.
The values of being a patriot for those who had nativist and nationalist ideologies indicated that America came. Anyone against that particular set of values was viewed as a risk, even if that danger was the United States government.

The “America initially” conditions set the tone for the late 1980s and 90s when conspiracy theorists start forming what is known as the Patriot Motion, an anti-government movement with White supremacist leanings, according to the SPLC. This movement culminated in the Oklahoma City Bombing on April 19, 1995.

” The word patriot is regularly exploited by individuals that want to take advantage of this idea of a love for nation,” stated Hayden, the SPLC senior investigative press reporter. “There is nothing incorrect with wanting to do great for your country, but when that passion is damaged … that is taking good objectives and damaging them for the purpose of doing harm.”.
Some people who stormed the US Capitol on January 6 called themselves patriots. How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens.

How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens

Former President Donald Trump and his child Ivanka have actually likewise utilized the word when describing advocates.
Ivanka Trump resolved the rioters as “American Patriots” in tweet from January 6 that she later on erased.

Trump likewise called the rioters “terrific patriots” in a tweet on January 6. In July 2019, Trump defended participants of his Greenville, North Carolina, rally – where members of the crowd chanted “send her back” about Minnesota Rep. Ilhan Omar – calling them “amazing patriots.”.
According to Jackson, the University at Albany teacher, “When you state somebody is a patriot, you’re stating there’s some goodness in them. It confirms them.”. How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens.

 

Popular culture uses patriot to show America.
In pop culture, patriot can produce many images.
For some it could be the founding fathers or the generation around the American Transformation, like in the 2000 movie “The Patriot” starring Mel Gibson. Others might think of United States soldiers fighting for freedom, like those seen in 1998’s “Conserving Private Ryan.”.
There are those motion pictures where the characters embody America going versus an adversarial force that represents a danger to American values, much like 1985’s “Rocky IV” or the “Captain America” story in the Marvel Movies of the 2010s. How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens.

How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens

Being a patriot is “a word that attends to identity,” Sokolowski, of Merriam-Webster, said.
” Identity is an enormously individual and political part of language,” he stated. “When it concerns identity, you’re getting to something that touches people deeply.”.

Syrett said these movies and TV shows portraying patriotism are a reflection of the times and show there is an audience for such material.

” Pop culture not only encourages a change in word meaning but it likewise capitalizes on a belief that exists on the broader public,” she stated.
But there are likewise popular culture arguments around what makes up a patriot. How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens.

 

There are some, for example, who would call Colin Kaepernick a patriot. The previous NFL star triggered debate after he sat in protest during the national anthem in 2016 for a pre-season game, saying he would not honor a tune nor “show pride in a flag for a country that oppresses black individuals and people of color.” Kaepernick’s protest belonged to a continuing national argument about law enforcement’s unequal treatment of Black individuals.

How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens

Still, others believe that in taking a knee, Kaepernick disrespected America.
In the exact same vein, Syrett and Sokolowski said there are some who would say the rioters at the United States Capitol were patriots, while others might have seen them as terrorists. How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens.

Syrett said the discrepancy over who or what is a patriot is a fight of linguistics that has actually been fought considering that the nation’s starting – when it wasn’t even agreed upon on what it suggested to be American.

How Has The Patriot Act Impacted American Citizens

 

 

 

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